Gout, Diet & Uric Acid

Gout, Purine In Diet & Uric Acid Level

High uric acid level can be attributable to high purine diet which in turn result in gout. What foods are high in purine? 

To maintain normal uric acid level, it’s vital to have a healthy eating plan, and to check out the purine content of your foods and drinks. Purine content in your diet can be categorized into 3 levels, as follows:

  • low purine (0 – 25mg / 100g)
  • moderate purine (25 – 150mg / 100g)
  • high purine (150 – 1000mg / 100g)

Eating in moderation or based on recommended guideline would be a good rule of thumb regardless of the nutritional value of a particular food.  

When planning for your daily diet to take care of gout and/or high uric acid level, here're the suggestions: 

1) Gout condition: Avoid high purine foods.
2) High uric acid but yet to develop gout condition: Reduce or avoid high purine foods.

Purine Content In Foods

List of foods categorized into low, moderate and high in purine for your reference.

Dairy Products

Dairy Products

Low Purine

All dairy products.

Meat & Eggs

Eggs & Meat

Low Purine

Chicken & duck eggs.

Moderate Purine

  • Chicken meat, heart
  • Duck meat
  • Pork, pig's stomach, heart, kidney, lung, skin
  • Beef
  • Mutton

High Purine

  • Chicken's liver, kidney
  • Duck's liver, century egg
  • Goose meat
  • Pig's liver, blood, brain, lung, kidney, spleen
  • Ox's liver, heart, kidney, spleen
  • Sheep's spleen
  • Animal gut

Seafoods

Seafood

Low Purine

  • Sea cucumber
  • Jelly fish

Moderate Purine

  • Sailfish, carp, grass carp, pacific saury, fish balls
  • Cuttlefish
  • Abalone 

High Purine

  • Sardine, noodlefish, eel, capelin, catfish, bombay duck, loach, anchovy, dried fish, fish skin, fish egg, shark fin
  • Octopus, squid
  • Shrimp, dried shrimp
  • Shellfish, scallop, oyster, mussel, clam

Grains

Rice

Low Purine

  • Brown rice, white rice, rice flour, millet rice
  • Wheat, oat, oatmeal, flour, macaroni, noodle
  • Corn, corn starch; potato, sweet potato, sweet potato starch, taro, lotus root starch; mung bean flour

High Purine

  • Cereal or wheat germ
  • Glutinous rice

 

Beans & Products

Beans

High Purine

  • Soy, germinating beans, beancurd, tofu, dried tofu, yuba, soy milk, miso
  • Mung bean; red bean; pinto bean; black bean
  • Artichoke

Vegetables

Vegetables

Low Purine

  • Chinese cabbage, cabbage, mustard, water spinach, celery, leek, kale, lettuce
  • Bitter gourd, cucumber, melon, loofah, eggplant, green peppers, carrot, tomato
  • Onion, green onion, garlic, ginger, chili
  • Pickled vegetables 

Moderate Purine

  • String beans, pea, sugar pea
  • Mushroom, black fungus, lilies, basil
  • Seaweed, kelp

High Purine

  • Brussels sprout, bean sprouts
  • Chinese mushroom, enoki
  • Cauliflower, broccoli, spinach, asparagus

 

Fruits

Fruits

Low Purine

  • Orange, lemon, apple, grape, pear, star fruit, mango, papaya, pineapple, loquat, peach, prune, watermelon, guava, banana, rock melon, jujube
  • Dried grape, dried longan

Oils

Vegetable Oil

Low Purine

  • Vegetable oil
  • Animal lipid

Moderate Purine

Oils from peanut, cashew, seed, other nuts.

Sauce, Legumes & Others

Honey

Low Purine

  • Tomato sauce
  • Soy sauce
  • Honey

Moderate Purine

  • Chestnut, lotus seed, almond
  • Wolfberry

High Purine

  • Gravy, beef sauce, oyster sauce
  • Soup, concentrated broth, chicken essence
  • Enzyme powder
  • Alcohol, alcoholic drink
  • Fermented bean curd

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