Health Is Wealth
Being healthy, fit and strong is of utmost importance in life. From young to middle-aged and to elderly, we need nutrition for growth, maintenance and support. Our body needs to be nourished in order to stay lively. In short, we need to have balanced diet, healthy lifestyle and adequate exercise for maintaining good health.
Along the way, we may catch flu, fever, coughing or headache but these issues are not that difficult to tackle. Then, as we move into mid life, the 3-highs namely blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure, together with bone and joint, body weight, etc issues may start to crop up. And so forth ….. Naturally, the next question would be “Can these issues be prevented or mitigated?”.
We’ll share some basics about these issues.
1) Bone Health
2) Joint Health
3) Uric Acid & Gout
4) Cholesterol & Heart
5) Blood Sugar
6) Immune System
Bone is a hardened mass of living tissue that supports the body and protects internal organs from injury. There is a continuing process of bone renewal in which bones are broken down and replaced by new bones. Minerals are responsible for its hardness while structural protein such as gelatine or collagen contributes to the bone’s mechanical strength.
Are Your Bones Healthy?
Having osteoporosis or weak bone is a silent disease. You might not know you have it until you break a bone.
“Osteoporosis is diagnosed when the loss of bone density and strength leads to unacceptably high tendency for bones to fracture i.e. to break which may cause disability, pain, deformity, dependence and death. Therefore, prevention, early detection and treatment would reduce these negatives. The bones of the forearm, spine and hip are most prone to osteoporotic fracture.”
Bones reach peak density at age 30 and then start to lose mass. It often occurs after menopause (around age 50) in women and in old age in men. Bone density has been found to be a reliable predictor of fracture risk. WHO has divided bone density into 4 levels:
1) Normal [T score => -1.0 & above]
2) Low bone mass (osteopenia) [T score => -1.0 to -2.5]
3) Osteoporosis (fractures have yet to occur) [T score => -2.5 & below]
4) Severe or established osteoporosis (fractures have occurred due to fragility)
It is also important to try to avoid falling down. Falls are the number one cause of fractures in older adults.
What Are The Risks Factors For Weak Bones?
Factors affecting bone density include genetic, gender, age, race, menopause, thin body build, smoking, excessive alcohol, soft drinks, little physical activity, inadequate nutrients intake, long term use of medications, heavy metals, etc.
Sources: WHO, Medline