Bone, Joint, Muscle, Skin Health
Bone, joint and muscle enable you to move, bend and flex, and lead an active life. Skin is your body's largest organ and it covers and protects your whole body, from head to toe.
Degeneration in bone, joint and muscle can affect your mobility, flexibility, strength, posture and causing your body to become weak and slows down your movement. Whilst degeneration in skin would impair the protective barrier for your body against bacteria or virus, and your appearance.
Generally, your body needs protein to build and repair tissues whilst certain body cells or tissues require specific proteins. Proteins are made up of amino acids and are part of every cells and tissues. As your body is constantly undergoing wear and tear, amino acids provide continuous repairs. In short, proteins are important for growth and development, maintenance and repair, and to provide glucose when the need arises.
At certain stage, you body may need relevant essential nutrients which your body can't make or nutrients which your body can be lacking, by way of nutrition supplementation.
Nutritional supplements which are beneficial to bone density, joint care, muscle strength and skin health include hydrolyzed collagen peptides also known as collagen hydrolysate or gelatin hydrolysate, vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients from plants or herbs. These are essential nutrients which can be derived from natural sources.
Clinical evidence suggested that essential nutrients support healthier and stronger body, and develop healthy bone, flexible and mobile joint, strong muscle and beautiful skin.
An overall approach in taking care of bone, joint, muscle and skin health encompasses physical activity, healthy and balanced diet, healthy lifestyle, healthy body weight, plus nutrition supplementation when necessary. You can always maintain your health and fitness, flexibility and mobility, youthfulness, and live an active and beautiful life regardless of age!
Walk, Stand, Bend, Flex Comfortably & Confidently Bone Mineral Density
Bones provide framework to support your body, which give you shape, help you move and protect your internal organs from injury. Bone is a hardened mass of living tissue. There is a continuing process of bone renewal in which bones are broken down (bone resorption) and replaced by new bones (bone formation).
Within the bone, the marrow produces large number of blood cells for supply to your body systems. Bone is also an essential reservoir of minerals for the body.
Minerals are responsible for the bone's hardness while structural protein collagen contributes to its mechanical strength.
There are 206 pieces of bones in adults, on average. Bones' main components are calcium, phosphorus and collagen, and comprises 25% of the human weight. In addition, the hardness of a healthy bone is 4 times as a brick with the same volume.
Your body adds new bones faster than it removes old bones when you're young. Bones reach peak density at age 30. Thereafter, you can lose old bones faster than you make new bones which may result in decrease in bone mineral density. And, this often occurs after menopause in women i.e. around age 50 and in old age in men. When the bone mineral density is too low, bones become weak and fragile. However, weak bone does not give any signal unless bone fracture has happened.
Reports have shown that falls are the number one cause of bone fractures in older adults regardless of gender.
Bone mineral density is a reliable indicator of fracture risk. Non-invasive bone density scan techniques are designed to check for osteoporosis.
WHO has divided bone mineral density into 4 levels:
- Normal [T score => -1.0 & above]
- Low bone mass (osteopenia) [T score => -1.0 to -2.5]
- Osteoporosis (fractures have yet to occur) [T score => -2.5 & below]
- Severe or established osteoporosis (fractures have occurred due to fragility)
Get to know how healthy and strong your bones are via bone density scan. Check out our schedule for a FREE bone density scan at the nearest pharmacy or our wellness center.
The body joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, neck, fingers, back, etc. Cartilage is the white color tough but flexible tissue that covers the ends of your bones. Healthy and flexible body joint helps you move, bend or flex by allowing your bones to glide over each other smoothly.
Wear and tear or deterioration in joint cartilage is a normal part of aging process. Changes in cartilage metabolism can cause degeneration in cartilage structure. At certain stage, cartilage may start to rub against one another and wear away. Joint becomes stiff and less flexible. Further degeneration in cartilage may result in discomfort and swelling. Injury due to sports, occupation or accident, incorrect posture and overweight can also cause damage to the cartilage.
Generally, joint which 'works harder' tend to degenerate faster comparatively. Degeneration or damage in joint would result in joint pain. And, joint pain in the knees, hips, neck, shoulder, back or fingers are more common.
In short, breakdown in joint cartilage may lead to inflammation, pain, deformity or even immobility.
Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis. It's a condition related to changes in joint cartilage, subchondral bone and synovial membrane. The mechanism involves gradual loss of cartilage. Bone spur may form around the edge of joints in some cases. Elderly is the high risk group in developing osteoarthritis.
Besides osteoarthritis, other forms of arthritis include gout which is caused by high uric acid or rheumatoid arthritis due to immune disorder, are the more common causes for joint degeneration or damage.
Healthy and strong muscles provide strength to help you move and perform different tasks such as blinking eyes, writing, carrying stuff, etc.
However, muscle can become less toned, rigid and less able to contract. Loss of muscle mass reduces strength, resulting in weak muscle. There are many factors that can cause muscle disorders which include:
- Injury or overuse, such as sprains or strains, cramps or tendinitis
- Genetic disorder, such as muscular dystrophy
- Nerves disorder
- Certain medication
Your skin is your body's largest organ, which covers and protects your body tissues and organs from head to toe. When you are young and healthy, your skin is smooth, firm and flawless.
However, your skin condition changes as you age, and the signs of skin aging include dryness, wrinkles, sagging, thinning, paler, uneven skin tone, growths. Apart from normal aging, factors such as sunlight, environment, skincare regime or immune system can affect your skin health, which can cause redness, dark spots, rashes, itching or inflammation.
Dryness in skin is usually due to extreme weather, chemical reaction. And, prolonged dryness may cause skin to crack, resulting in discomfort. For healthier skin, you may apply natural moisturizing gel together with intake of nutritional supplement like collagen or gelatin hydrolysate to boost up your collagen level internally to enhance the skin condition.
As you get older, skin tissues may take longer to recover too.