Ways To Maintain Normal Cholesterol Level
- Cholesterol is a fatty substance known as a lipid which is found in all your body cells.
- Cholesterol is needed to make hormones, vitamin D, and help you to digest foods.
- Cholesterol is mainly made by the liver, but can be found in some foods from animal sources, such as egg yolks, meat, and cheese.
- Too much cholesterol can cause plaque build-up.
Cholesterol in your blood is carried by proteins. When the 2 combined, they're called lipoproteins. Different types of lipoproteins have different purposes:
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
It carries cholesterol away from the cells and back to the liver, where it's passed out of the body as a waste product; hence, HDL is referred to as "good cholesterol".
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
It carries cholesterol to the cells, but if there's too much cholesterol for the cells to use, it can build up in the artery walls, leading to the buildup of plaque in your arteries; hence, LDL is known as "bad cholesterol".
- Very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)
It's also called "bad" cholesterol because it too contributes to the buildup of plaque in your arteries. But VLDL and LDL are different; VLDL mainly carries triglycerides and LDL mainly carries cholesterol.
Normal Cholesterol Levels
The amount of cholesterol in the blood can be measured with a blood test. Compare your test results from your cholesterol test with the normal cholesterol levels. As a general guide, the normal cholesterol levels for healthy adults are as follows.
- Total cholesterol: 5.2 mmol/L or less
- LDL: 3 mmol/L or less
- HDL: above 1 mmol/L
- Non HDL: < 3.4 mmol/L
- Ratio of total cholesterol to HDL: below 4
Undesirably low level of HDL cholesterol or high level of LDL cholesterol or both, increases the risk of cardiovascular problems.
High Cholesterol Levels
High cholesterol itself doesn’t usually cause any symptoms. Plaques can cause the hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and increasing the risk of numerous health problems, including heart disease and stroke.
High cholesterol levels can be attributable to factors such as genetics, age, overweight, certain medication, consume lots of high in cholesterol foods such as saturated fat, trans-fat or unhealthy lifestyle such as drinking excessive amount of alcohol, smoking, lack of physical activity.
Healthy Cholesterol, Healthy Heart & Vascular
You can maintain healthy cholesterol levels through heart-healthy lifestyle which include:
- Healthy and balanced diet
- Healthy eating plan i.e. check the cholesterol and fat content of your foods and drinks.
- Maintain healthy body weight
- Regular physical activity
- Healthy lifestyle
- Nutrition supplementation, when necessary
Clinical findings suggested that essential nutrients help to nourish your body systems and support healthy cholesterol.