Glucose is a major source of energy for most cells of the body, including those in the brain. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Carbohydrates are found in fruit, cereal, bread, pasta and rice. They are quickly turned into glucose in the body, and this raises the blood glucose level. Hormones made in the body called insulin and glucagon help control blood glucose levels. Glucose in blood can be too low or too high. Too much glucose can cause complicated issues.
Low insulin levels and/or insulin resistance prevent the body from converting glucose into glycogen, which is a starch-like source of energy stored mostly in the liver, which in turn makes it difficult or impossible to remove excess glucose from the blood.
What Are The Normal Glucose Levels
Glucose test measures the amount of a sugar called glucose in a sample of blood. As a general guide, the normal glucose levels after fasting for at least 8 hours, are as follows:
- Normal range: 4 to 6 mmol/l or 80 to 110 mg/dl
- Hyperglycemia: consistent range above 7 mmol/l or 126 mg/dl
- Hypoglycemic: consistent range below 4 mmol/l or 70 mg/dl
Chronic hyperglycemia can be measured via the HbA1c test. The definition of acute hyperglycemia varies by study, with mmol/l levels from 8 to 15.
High Glucose Levels
Hyperglycemia, or high glucose level, is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma. Sustained higher levels of glucose in blood cause damage to the blood vessels and to the organs they supply, leading to the complications of diabetes.
High glucose levels may trigger symptoms such as frequent hunger, frequent thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, fatigue (sleepiness), weight loss, poor wound healing, dry mouth, dry or itchy skin, tingling in feet or heels.
Healthy Glucose, The Key To Healthy Body
You can still lower your glucose levels through heart-healthy lifestyle changes, includes a heart-healthy eating plan, weight management, and regular physical activity. And, check out the glycemic index of your foods.
Clinical findings suggested that beta glucan, erythritol, phytonutrients support healthy glucose and beneficial to body systems.