Uric acid is a waste product that resulted from the breakdown of purine. Uric acid is made in the liver and also obtained from foods and drinks, and excreted by the kidneys. If too much uric acid is produced in the liver or the kidneys excrete too little, this will cause high uric acid level in the blood. This condition is called hyperuricemia. Prolonged high uric acid can cause urate crystal formed in the joints and body.
What Are The Normal Uric Acid Levels
Uric acid test checks the levels of uric acid in the blood. A blood sample is needed. As a general guide, the normal uric acid levels should be as follows:
- Male: 3 - 7.2 mg/dL (179 – 428 µmol/L)
- Female: 2 - 6 mg/dL (119 – 357 µmol/L)
High Uric Acid Levels
High uric acid levels can be caused by increased production of uric acid resulted from eating foods that are high in purine. Purine is found in some foods and drinks, such as liver, kidney, anchovies, sardines, mackerel, meat extracts, dried beans and peas and beer.
High uric acid levels due to overproduction may also be caused by a genetic disorder of purine metabolism, amongst others.
Decreased excretion of uric acid can be due to chronic kidney disease, low thyroid, toxemia of pregnancy, caffeine, alcohol, ascorbic acid, medications.
Prolonged high levels of uric acid can cause gout or kidney disease.
Healthy Uric Acid, Healthy Body & Joints
You can lower your uric acid levels through heart-healthy lifestyle changes, includes a heart-healthy eating plan, weight management, and regular physical activity. And, check out the purine content of your foods.
Clinical findings suggested that phytonutrients from botanical extracts support healthy uric acid and beneficial to body systems.